Free download A Microscale Approach to Organic Laboratory Techniques (6th edition) written by Donald L. Pavia, George S. Kriz, Gary M. Lampman and Randall G. Engel in pdf.
This textbook is divided into two major sections. The first section, which includes Part One through Part Five, contains all of the experiments in this book. The second major section includes only Part Six, which contains all of the important techniques you will use in performing the experiments in this book. Interspersed among the experiments in Part One through Part Three is a series of essays.
The essays provide a context for many of the experiments and often relate the experiment to real world applications. When your instructor assigns an experiment, he or she will often assign an essay and/or several techniques chapters along with the experiment. Before you come to lab, you should read all of these. In addition, it is likely that you will need to prepare some sections in your laboratory notebook before you come to the lab.
This textbook discusses the important laboratory techniques of organic chemistry and illustrates many important reactions and concepts. In the traditional approach to teaching this subject, the quantities of chemicals used were on the order of 5–100 grams, and glassware was designed to contain up to 500mL of liquid. This scale of experiment we might call a macroscale experiment. The approach used here, a microscale approach, differs from the traditional laboratory course in that nearly all the experiments use small amounts of chemicals.
Quantities of chemicals used range from about 50 to 1000 milligrams (0.050–1.000 g), and glassware is designed to contain less than 25mL of liquid. The advantages include improved safety in the laboratory, reduced risk of fire and explosion, and reduced exposure to hazardous vapors. This approach decreases the need for hazardous waste disposal, leading to reduced contamination of the environment. You will learn to work with the same level of care and neatness that has previously been concerned to courses in analytical chemistry.
- Part 1: Introduction to Basic Laboratory Techniques
- Part 2: Introduction to Molecular Modeling
- Part 3: Properties and Reactions of Organic Compounds
- Part 4: Identification of Organic Substances
- Part 5: Project-Based Experiments
- Part 6: The Techniques
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